Copyright And Fair Use Policy

Copyrighted Information

All information in the www.RaveSafe.org is provided non-commercially for purposes of teaching, scholarship, research, and criticism under the fair use doctrine. We provide authorship information whenever possible as well as links to original material if it exists on the web. Much of the information has been approved for inclusion by its author(s). If you know the author or photographer of an unlabelled writing or photo in our collection, or if we are using writings or photos of yours without permission, please let us know and we'll add credits or remove it as you choose.


PERMISSION TO USE INFORMATION

Following is a list of types of uses (personal, academic, non-commercial, commercial) and types of information (excerpts, full texts, images) that we are most frequently asked about. It should serve as a guideline for appropriate use of information found in here.

The writings and images found at RaveSafe fall into two categories: those used by RaveSafe with permission of the author (or written by RaveSafe), and those used under the fair use doctine without permission of the author. You can generally tell whether we hold copyright permission for an article by looking at in the bottom of the page you're interested in.

If you meet the guidelines for use, there's no need to specifically ask our permission, but we'd still like to hear about who's finding RaveSafe useful. Please consider sending us a note telling us where or how you're using the information.

All html, layout and design for documents found at RaveSafe are copyright www.RaveSafe.org unless marked otherwise.


CONTENT COPYRIGHTED BY RAVESAFE

You can usually tell whether we hold copyright permission for an article by looking at the bottom of the page...it should say "used by RaveSafe with (or without) permission of the author". RaveSafe holds the copyright on, or has received copyright permission from the respective authors for most of our content. If the page you are interested in says "used with permission", or says "by RaveSafe" at the top, then the following guidelines should help.

Personal copies (Single instance, non-commercial)
  • Feel free to print copies of pages at RaveSafe on paper for personal reference. We might suggest writing "www.RaveSafe.org" on them (or simply retaining the headers) so you and others can tell where they came from.

Academic Papers (Single instance or low distribution, non-commercial)
  • Quotes, excerpts, or partial texts - Should be cited in a footnote or bibliography entry with full credit given to the author as well as to RaveSafe. (See sample citation formats)
  • Images - May be used in papers as long as the identifying footer of the image remains intact.
  • Full texts - Please request permission by email

Fliers & Newsletters (multi-instance, non-commercial)
  • Quotes, excerpts, or partial texts - Should be cited in a footnote or bibliography entry with full credit given to the author as well as to RaveSafe. (See sample citation formats)
  • Images - Please request permission by email. Specify the url of each image you are interested in and give a description of the publication you are interested in using it in.
  • Full texts - Please request permission by email

Magazines, Journals, Books
(multi-instance, commercial, anything charged for)
  • Please request permission by email for all commercial uses of any information at RaveSafe.

Web Sites (multi-instance, uncontrolled)
  • Quotes, excerpts, or partial texts - Should have a text comment on the page where the information appears, noting the author and RaveSafe as the source and linking it to the original url at RaveSafe.
  • Images - Please request permission by email. Specify the url of each image you are interested in and the url and/or description of the site you'd like to use it on.
  • Full Texts - Please request permission by email.

CONTENT USED BY RaveSafe WITHOUT PERMISSION

You can usually tell whether we hold copyright permission for an article by looking in the bottom right corner of the page...it should say "reproduced by RaveSafe with (or without) permission of the author". Writings such as journal, magazine, and newspaper articles are generally used by us under the fair use doctrine without permission of the authors. If the page you are interested in says "used without permission", we can not give you permission to use it. If we have applied for permission, and it is pending, or they simply have not got back to us, it wll say "permission pending"

IMAGES

If you are interested in using any images which appear on our site, the first thing to do is determine who holds the copyright. Many images are specifically labelled in the index as to who is the photographer and who holds the copyright. If there is a link to the original source, please contact the photographer rather than us. If the image is from a book, we cannot give you permission to use it as we do not hold the copyright. If the image is labelled "copyright RaveSafe", or does not give copyright information, send us an email and we'll let you know whether or not you can use it.


CITATION FORMAT

Articles & Information by RaveSafe:
"Article or Page Title." RaveSafe. http://www.RaveSafe.org/article_url.htm. 2000.

Articles archived at RaveSafe:
Anderson, John. "Article Title." RaveSafe. http://www.RaveSafe.org/. 2000.

 



FAIR USE DOCTRINE


There is one rule that lets many people lawfully copy the work of others. The Fair Use Doctrine asks several questions about the use of copyrighted material to determine whether it is reasonable use. There is no simple rule about how many of the following points must be met in order for use to qualify as "Fair Use", but obviously the more the better. Much of this information is quoted from Cyberspace Law for Non-Lawyers (Issue 7/8, and Issue 9/10)

The Fair Use Doctrine asks several questions:

  1. Is your use noncommercial?
  2. Is your use for purposes of criticism, comment, parody, news reporting, teaching, scholarship, or research?
  3. Is the original work mostly fact (as opposed to mostly fiction or opinion)?
  4. Has the original work been published (as opposed to sent out only to one or a few people)?
  5. Are you copying only a small part of the original work?
  6. Are you copying only a relatively insignificant part of the original work (as opposed to the most important part)?
  7. Are you adding a lot new to the work (as opposed to just quoting parts of the original)?
  8. Does your conduct leave unaffected any profits that the copyright owner can make (as opposed to displacing some potential sales OR potential licenses of reprint rights)?

The more YES answers there are to the above questions, the more likely it is that your use is legal. The more NO answers there are, the more likely it is that your use is illegal.

The trouble is that you can't just count the answers. Sometimes even a few YESes will lead to a finding of fair use; sometimes even a few NOes will lead to a finding of no fair use. Often even the sharpest lawyers won't be able to predict the result.

From The Copyright Website

Further, the Supreme Court has held that the private economic interests of copyright holders (such as the publishers) are not the point of reference for adjudicating a fair use case:

"We have often recognized the monopoly privileges that Congress has authorized . . .are limited in nature and must ultimately serve the public good . . . .

'The primary objective of copyright is not to reward the labor of authors, but '[t]o promote the Progress of Science and useful Arts.' . . .


See also :
The Scope of the Fair Use Doctrine - State of Georgia - Dept of Law

 

Thanks to Vaults of Erowid

 

Disclaimer This Guide is provided for informational purposes ONLY. RaveSafe, it's volunteers and its sponsors do not condone or advocate the use of illegal substances. RaveSafe accepts NO responsibility for the way the information in this used, nor for any harm that might occur from the use of the information contained in this document. Although a concerted effort has been made to ensure the validity of the information contained in this document, no guarantees or assurances of accuracy are provided by anyone. Read and act at your own risk.

Knowledge is power.

Be responsible and...

.... if you do drugs, don't let drugs do you.

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